Diabetes is a highly prevalent condition in Australia. High blood glucose levels can have an affect on many systems within the body. Many people are not aware of the the effects it can have on the feet.
Regularly assessments are imperative in preventing complications and to ensure optimal foot function. The following assessments will be performed by your podiatrist Geelong:
- Nerve Function
- Blood Flow
- Walking gait and biomechanics
- Plantar Pressures
- Skin and nails
- Activity levels
- Wounds (if required)
Complications from Diabetes
The following complications are caused by high or unstable blood glucose levels.
- Peripheral Neuropathy
- Damage to the nerves within the feet
- Heightened sensation resulting in tingling, burning, pins and needles, or loss of sensation resulting in numbness
- Peripheral Vascular Disease
- Reduction in blood flow to the feet
- Decreased oxygen and nutrients
- Cold feet, cramping in the legs during activity or rest, abnormal skin colour
- Makes it difficult for cuts or abrasions to heal and to clear infection.
- Wound formation
- Corns, callouses and trauma to the skin are usually painful, but if the nerves are damaged we do not get the message of pain. This then results in breakdown of the skin and healing time is increased if the circulation is compromised.
- Results from failure of a wound to heal and infection getting into the bone (Osteomyelitis).
- Annual diabetes foot assessment with your Podiatrist
- Inspect feet daily check for redness, swelling, cuts or blisters
- Avoid being barefoot, always wear shoes
- Dry well in-between your toes
- Skin and nail care every 6 – 8 weeks if you are unable to reach your feet
- Moisturise feet daily (not in-between toes)
- Have your feet measured for length and width when buying shoes